What Do Bichon Frise Usually Die From?

What Do Bichon Frise Usually Die From?


Welcome to our comprehensive guide dedicated to the health and well-being of one of the most beloved dog breeds, the Bichon Frise. These fluffy, affectionate companions not only bring joy and laughter into our homes but also a unique set of health considerations that every pet owner should be aware of. Understanding “What Do Bichon Frise Usually Die From?” is crucial for providing the best care possible and is a key focus of this post. We aim to shed light on the leading causes of death in Bichon Frises, offering insights into how to prevent these conditions and enhance the quality of life for these charming pets. Whether you’re a current Bichon Frise owner, considering adding one to your family, or simply interested in learning more about this breed, our guide is here to navigate the complexities of their health needs with practical advice and expert knowledge.

A joyful Bichon Frise running in a field, symbolizing the breed's lively and spirited nature.

By the end of this post, you’ll have a clearer understanding of the health challenges Bichon Frises may face and how you can play a pivotal role in ensuring they lead a long, happy, and healthy life. Let’s dive into the world of Bichon Frises and discover how to care for these wonderful creatures in the best way possible.

Overview of the Bichon Frise Breed

The Bichon Frise, with its distinctive fluffy white coat and cheerful demeanor, has long captured the hearts of dog lovers worldwide. Originating from the Mediterranean region and further developed in France, this breed has a rich history that dates back several centuries. Bichons are small in stature, typically weighing between 12 to 18 pounds, and are known for their playful and affectionate nature.

Characterized by a lively and resilient temperament, Bichon Frises thrive on human companionship and are excellent family pets. Their intelligence and eagerness to please make them highly trainable, although their sometimes stubborn streak calls for patience and consistency in training. Bichons are particularly noted for their hypoallergenic coat, which makes them a suitable choice for allergy sufferers, though it does require regular grooming to maintain its condition and appearance.

Despite their small size, Bichon Frises possess a robust and spirited personality, often described as “big dogs in a small body.” They adapt well to various living situations, making them ideal for both apartment living and homes with spacious yards. Their sociable nature means they get along well with children, other dogs, and pets, though they do not enjoy being left alone for extended periods.

A close-up of a Bichon Frise, showcasing its fluffy white coat and friendly, alert expression

In terms of health, Bichons are generally a healthy breed with a lifespan of approximately 12 to 15 years. However, like all breeds, they are prone to certain health issues, which will be discussed in detail in the following sections. Understanding these potential health concerns is vital for ensuring that your Bichon Frise leads a happy, healthy, and fulfilling life.

The Importance of Health Awareness for Bichon Frise Owners

The health and well-being of a Bichon Frise are paramount concerns that go hand in hand with the joy of owning this delightful breed. Being proactive about health awareness is not merely beneficial—it’s essential for ensuring your furry companion enjoys a long, vibrant life. Recognizing the signs of potential health issues and understanding the common ailments that Bichon Frises may face are critical components of responsible pet ownership.

First and foremost, health awareness empowers owners to make informed decisions about their pet’s care and lifestyle. Knowledge about specific health risks allows for early detection and treatment, which can significantly improve the prognosis for many conditions. For Bichon Frise owners, this means regular veterinary check-ups, vaccinations, and preventative measures against parasites are non-negotiable aspects of their care routine.

Moreover, an informed owner can take proactive steps to mitigate health risks. This includes providing a balanced diet, ensuring regular exercise, and maintaining mental stimulation, all of which contribute to the overall health and happiness of a Bichon Frise. Understanding the breed’s unique needs, such as the importance of regular grooming to prevent skin infections and the need for dental care to avoid periodontal disease, is also crucial.

Health awareness also fosters a deeper bond between owners and their Bichon Frises. By attending to their health and well-being, owners demonstrate their love and commitment, enhancing the trust and connection that form the foundation of this special relationship. This attentive care ensures that Bichon Frises can lead their best lives, filled with the affection and playfulness that define their breed.

A Bichon Frise receiving a health check from a veterinarian, symbolizing the importance of regular veterinary care.

In conclusion, the importance of health awareness for Bichon Frise owners cannot be overstated. It is a responsibility that enriches the lives of both the pet and the owner, ensuring that these charming companions remain a source of joy and companionship for many years to come.

General Health and Lifespan of Bichon Frises

Bichon Frises are renowned not only for their charming personalities and striking appearance but also for their generally robust health and longevity. With proper care, these delightful companions can share your life for approximately 12 to 15 years. This impressive lifespan is a testament to the breed’s hardiness and the effectiveness of dedicated care from their owners.

General Health

Overall, Bichon Frises are considered a healthy breed, particularly when their health needs are attentively managed. Their vitality throughout life largely depends on a combination of genetics, diet, exercise, and regular veterinary care. Ensuring your Bichon Frise receives annual check-ups, vaccinations, and preventative treatments for common parasites plays a crucial role in maintaining their health.

However, like all breeds, Bichon Frises have predispositions towards certain health conditions. These include allergies, dental problems, and bladder stones, among others. Early detection through regular veterinary visits can help manage these conditions before they become more serious. A balanced diet tailored to their specific needs, regular grooming, and dental care are also pivotal in preventing health issues.


The expected lifespan of a Bichon Frise ranges from 12 to 15 years, with many individuals living even longer, thanks to advancements in veterinary medicine and increased awareness among owners about breed-specific health care. Factors that contribute to a Bichon Frise’s long life include genetics, the level of care they receive, their environment, and their lifestyle.

To maximize the health and longevity of a Bichon Frise, owners are encouraged to:

  • Provide a balanced diet rich in nutrients.
  • Ensure regular exercise to maintain a healthy weight and stimulate their mind.
  • Keep up with regular grooming to prevent skin and coat issues.
  • Schedule routine veterinary check-ups to catch and treat any health issues early.
A serene Bichon Frise in its golden years, enjoying a peaceful moment in the garden, showcasing the breed's potential for a long, fulfilling life.

By understanding and addressing the general health and lifespan considerations specific to Bichon Frises, owners can enjoy the companionship of their fluffy friends for many joyful years. This segment of their care is not just about extending their years but enhancing the quality of life they experience every day.

Common Health Issues in Bichon Frises

Bichon Frises, with their fluffy coats and endearing personalities, are generally healthy dogs. However, they are susceptible to certain health conditions that prospective and current owners should be aware of. Recognizing and understanding these common issues can greatly aid in preventative care and early treatment, ensuring a happier, healthier life for these beloved pets.

Allergies are quite prevalent in Bichon Frises, manifesting through skin irritations, itching, and sometimes digestive problems. These allergies may be triggered by environmental factors, such as pollen or dust, or by certain foods. Managing allergies often involves identifying and avoiding the allergen, which may require dietary adjustments or environmental changes.

Dental Problems also pose a significant risk to Bichon Frises. Their small jaws can lead to crowded teeth, promoting plaque buildup and gum disease. Regular dental care, including professional cleanings and daily brushing, can help mitigate these issues.

Bladder Stones can occur in Bichon Frises, leading to discomfort and potential urinary blockages. Symptoms might include difficulty urinating or blood in the urine. Diet plays a crucial role in managing this condition, along with medical intervention when necessary.

Patellar Luxation, a condition where the kneecap dislocates or moves out of its normal location, is another issue that can affect Bichon Frises. This can lead to lameness or an abnormal gait. Treatment varies from managing pain and inflammation to surgical correction in severe cases.

Eye Problems, such as cataracts and tear staining, are also common in the breed. Regular check-ups with a veterinarian can help catch and treat these issues early, maintaining the dog’s vision and comfort.

While these health issues may seem daunting, with proper care and regular veterinary check-ups, Bichon Frises can lead full, vibrant lives. A proactive approach to their health—focusing on preventative care, a balanced diet, regular exercise, and grooming—can mitigate many of the risks associated with these conditions.

A Bichon Frise receiving a check-up from a veterinarian, emphasizing the importance of regular health monitoring.

By staying informed about these common health issues, Bichon Frise owners can ensure their furry friends enjoy the best possible quality of life, filled with joy, playfulness, and lots of cuddles.

Overview of Health Conditions

Bichon Frises face various health conditions, which are significant factors in what can answer the question, “What Do Bichon Frise Usually Die From?” Key issues include allergies, dental problems, and bladder stones. Allergies, particularly, can cause skin and digestive issues. Regular grooming and diet changes are beneficial here. Another common concern due to their small jaws is dental problems. Daily brushing and veterinary cleanings are crucial for prevention. Bladder stones, contributing to “What Do Bichon Frise Usually Die From,” can lead to serious urinary issues. Diet adjustments and medical care are often required to manage this condition. Early detection and proactive care are vital for these health issues. Regular veterinary visits are essential in keeping your Bichon healthy and addressing the pivotal question, “What Do Bichon Frise Usually Die From?

Genetic Predispositions

Bichon Frises are predisposed to certain genetic conditions. These include allergies, bladder stones, patellar luxation, and eye problems. Owners need to be aware of these risks. Early detection is crucial for managing these conditions effectively.

Allergies in Bichon Frises can lead to skin and digestive issues. Short, frequent baths and specific diets can help. Veterinary advice is essential. Regular check-ups ensure allergies are under control.

Bladder stones are another concern. Symptoms include difficulty urinating. A diet low in certain minerals can prevent stones. Veterinary monitoring is recommended.

Patellar luxation affects the knees. It can cause pain and limping. Some cases may require surgery. Regular vet visits can catch this early.

Eye problems, such as cataracts, are common. They can lead to vision loss. Annual eye exams are important. These exams help in early treatment.

A Bichon Frise getting an eye examination. This emphasizes the need for regular eye health check-ups.

Dental health is also a priority. Crowded teeth can cause issues. Daily brushing and regular dental cleanings are beneficial. They keep the teeth healthy.

In summary, genetic predispositions in Bichon Frises require attention. Owners should schedule regular veterinary visits. These visits help in early detection and management. Proper care ensures a healthier life for these dogs.

A Bichon Frise with a veterinarian. This shows the importance of health monitoring

Environmental Factors and Their Impacts

Environmental factors significantly influence the health and well-being of Bichon Frises, encompassing aspects such as diet, exercise, and their living environment. A balanced and nutritious diet is fundamental to preventing obesity and related health issues, tailored to their specific life stage, size, and energy levels. Consulting with a veterinarian ensures the dietary needs of a Bichon Frise are met, promoting overall health. Exercise, too, is indispensable, not only for physical fitness but also for mental well-being; regular walks and play sessions prevent behavioral problems and aid in maintaining a healthy weight.

The living conditions of a Bichon Frise also play a crucial role; as indoor pets, they thrive in clean, safe, and loving environments. Exposure to extreme temperatures or unclean living spaces can cause undue stress, affecting their immune system and overall health. Additionally, minimizing exposure to environmental allergens through regular home cleaning and using hypoallergenic bedding can help manage allergy symptoms. Ensuring a smoke-free environment is also beneficial for respiratory health.

By paying close attention to these environmental factors, owners can greatly enhance the quality of life for their Bichon Frise, ensuring they lead a healthy, active, and contented life. The aim is to create a nurturing environment that caters to the physical and emotional needs of the Bichon Frise, safeguarding their health against the potential adverse effects of their surroundings.

A Bichon engaging in outdoor activities, underscoring the need for regular exercise and the joy it brings.

These visuals would complement the discussion by showing the positive outcomes of proper environmental management for Bichon Frises, encapsulating the essence of a holistic approach to their care.

Preventative Measures and Care

Preventative measures and care are essential in maintaining the health and happiness of Bichon Frises. These strategies encompass a range of practices designed to prevent health issues before they arise, ensuring a long and joyful life for these pets.

Regular veterinary check-ups are at the core of preventative care. These visits allow for early detection and treatment of potential health problems. Vaccinations, parasite control, and routine health screenings during these check-ups are vital. They protect against diseases, fleas, ticks, and heartworms.

Diet plays a significant role in prevention. Feeding Bichon Frises a balanced, high-quality diet keeps them in optimal health. It supports their immune system, maintains a healthy weight, and promotes a shiny coat. Owners should choose foods appropriate for their dog’s age, size, and activity level, possibly under a veterinarian’s guidance.

Exercise is equally important. It not only keeps Bichon Frises physically fit but also mentally stimulated. Adequate daily exercise, such as walks and playtime, prevents obesity and related health issues. It also reduces the risk of behavioral problems.

Grooming is not just about keeping Bichon Frises looking their best. Regular grooming sessions provide an opportunity to check for signs of skin issues, lumps, or parasites. Proper dental care, including regular brushing and veterinary dental checks, prevents periodontal disease.

Finally, environmental management, like maintaining a clean living space and minimizing exposure to toxins and allergens, contributes to overall health. A safe and clean environment reduces the risk of diseases and stress.

A Bichon during a vet check-up, illustrating the importance of regular health monitoring.

Implementing these preventative measures and care practices can greatly influence the well-being of Bichon Frises. Owners who invest time and effort into these areas can look forward to sharing many happy years with their furry companions.

Regular Veterinary Check-Ups

Regular veterinary check-ups are crucial for the well-being of Bichon Frises. These visits provide an opportunity for early detection and management of health issues. Veterinarians can administer vaccinations, perform parasite control, and conduct routine health screenings. These actions are essential in preventing diseases and ensuring the pet’s health.

During check-ups, vets assess the overall health of the dog. They check heart rate, lung function, and body condition. They also examine the dog for any signs of illness or discomfort. This comprehensive evaluation helps in identifying problems early.

Dental health is another focus of these visits. Vets look for signs of periodontal disease, which is common in small breeds like Bichon Frises. Regular dental checks and cleanings can prevent serious dental issues.

Veterinarians also offer nutritional advice. They can recommend diets that support the health and lifestyle of Bichon Frises. Proper nutrition is key to preventing obesity and related health problems.

Finally, these check-ups are a chance to discuss preventative care. This includes flea and tick prevention, heartworm medication, and vaccination schedules. Owners can also learn about environmental management to reduce the risk of allergies and other conditions.

Regular visits to the vet are an investment in the dog’s health. They ensure that Bichon Frises remain healthy, happy, and active. Owners should prioritize these check-ups to enjoy many years with their furry friends.

For more detailed information on health screenings and preventive care, consider exploring topics like vaccinations and periodontal disease on Wikipedia.

Diet and Exercise

A balanced diet and regular exercise are foundational to a Bichon Frise’s health. These elements ensure they maintain an optimal weight and enjoy good overall well-being.

For diet, quality is key. Bichon Frises thrive on food that meets their nutritional needs. This includes proteins, carbohydrates, fats, vitamins, and minerals. The right diet supports their ENERGY levels and immune system. It also keeps their coat shiny and skin healthy. Owners should adjust food quantity and quality based on the dog’s age, weight, and activity level. Consulting a veterinarian can provide tailored dietary advice.

Exercise is equally important for Bichon Frises. It prevents obesity, a common problem that can lead to serious health issues. Regular physical activity like walks, playtime, and agility training keeps them fit. It also stimulates their mind. Exercise has the added benefit of reinforcing behavior training. It helps in managing common behavioral issues, promoting a well-adjusted pet.

Together, diet and exercise form the pillars of a healthy lifestyle for Bichon Frises. They not only contribute to physical health but also to the dog’s happiness and mental well-being. For owners wanting to delve deeper into how these elements impact behavior, “Understanding Bichon Frise Behavior: A Comprehensive Guide” offers valuable insights. This guide explores the connection between physical care and behavioral outcomes, providing a holistic approach to pet care.

Leading Causes of Death in Bichon Frises

Understanding the leading causes of death in Bichon Frises is crucial for owners who wish to provide the best care for their pets. While Bichon Frises are generally known for their robust health and longevity, they, like all breeds, are susceptible to certain health conditions that can significantly affect their lifespan. Recognizing these potential threats can empower owners to take preventative measures, seek early treatment, and potentially extend the lives of their beloved companions. This section will explore the most common health issues leading to mortality in Bichon Frises, including cancer, heart disease, and kidney problems, offering insight into how to detect and manage these conditions effectively.


Cancer is a major health concern for Bichon Frises, significantly impacting their health and lifespan. It can arise in various forms, targeting different areas of the body, with some types more prevalent in this breed. Recognizing early signs and understanding treatment options can greatly affect outcomes.

Types of Cancer Common in Bichon Frises

Bichon Frises may develop several types of cancer, including lymphoma, mammary gland tumors, and skin cancers. Lymphoma affects the lymphatic system, presenting as swollen lymph nodes. Mammary gland tumors are common in unspayed females or those spayed late. Skin cancers, though less frequent, can also pose a significant risk, especially in older dogs.

Treatment Options and Prognosis

Treatment for cancer in Bichon Frises varies, depending on the cancer type and stage. Options include surgery to remove tumors, chemotherapy to target cancer cells, and radiation therapy for localized treatment. The prognosis depends on the cancer’s aggressiveness and how early it is detected. Early-stage cancers often have a better outcome, while advanced cancers may require more palliative approaches to maintain quality of life.

Owners should work closely with their vet or a specialist to choose the best treatment path. Regular check-ups and being alert to changes in their pet’s health can lead to early detection, improving the chances of successful treatment.

Kidney Disease

Kidney disease is another significant health issue that can lead to mortality in Bichon Frises. It encompasses a range of conditions that can impair kidney function, ultimately affecting the dog’s overall health. Recognizing the signs of kidney disease early and managing the condition effectively are key to prolonging and improving the quality of life for dogs with this diagnosis.

Identifying Kidney Disease Early

Early detection of kidney disease is crucial. Symptoms to watch for include increased thirst and urination, weight loss, decreased appetite, and lethargy. These signs can often be subtle and progress slowly. Regular blood tests and urine analysis are important, as they can detect kidney problems before symptoms become apparent. Vets may look for indicators such as elevated blood urea nitrogen (BUN) and creatinine levels, which signal kidney function issues.

Managing Kidney Disease

Once diagnosed, managing kidney disease involves a multi-faceted approach. Dietary changes are often the first step. A diet low in phosphorus and protein, but high in omega-3 fatty acids, can help manage disease progression. Medications to control blood pressure and protein loss in urine may be prescribed. In more advanced cases, subcutaneous fluid therapy can help maintain hydration and kidney function.

Regular monitoring by a vet is essential to manage this condition. It allows for adjustments in treatment as the disease progresses. With proper management, dogs with kidney disease can enjoy a good quality of life even with this chronic condition.

4 bichons are waiting for their turn at the vet for an examination

Owners need to be vigilant for early signs of kidney disease and should commit to regular veterinary visits. Early intervention and consistent management are key to helping a Bichon Frise with kidney disease live a fuller life.

Heart Disease

Heart disease in Bichon Frises can be a silent threat, often going unnoticed until it becomes serious. It’s a broad term that encompasses various cardiac conditions, some of which can be life-threatening. Awareness of common heart problems, along with strategies for prevention and treatment, is vital for the longevity of these dogs.

Common Heart Problems in Bichon Frises

Bichon Frises may experience several types of heart conditions, with mitral valve disease (MVD) being one of the most common. This condition involves the deterioration of the valve between the left atrium and left ventricle of the heart. Other concerns include congestive heart failure, which occurs when the heart cannot pump blood effectively, and arrhythmias, which involve irregular heartbeats.

Prevention and Treatment

Preventive measures can significantly reduce the risk of heart disease. Regular exercise, maintaining a healthy weight, and a balanced diet are foundational. Regular veterinary check-ups that include cardiac evaluations are also crucial, as early detection can lead to better management of heart conditions.

Treatment options vary depending on the severity and type of heart disease. Medications can manage symptoms and improve heart function. In some cases, surgical interventions may be necessary. With advancements in veterinary cardiology, treatments continue to improve, offering hope for Bichon Frises diagnosed with heart conditions.

Managing heart disease also involves regular monitoring and adjustments to treatment as needed. Owners should watch for signs of worsening conditions, such as coughing, difficulty breathing, or fatigue. Prompt veterinary attention to these signs can improve outcomes.

By understanding the signs of heart disease and engaging in proactive prevention and treatment, owners can help ensure their Bichon Frises lead a healthy life, even with a heart condition. Regular care and monitoring are essential for managing these diseases effectively.

Enhancing Your Bichon Frise’s Life

To enhance the life of a Bichon Frise, owners must focus on comprehensive care that spans diet, exercise, mental health, and regular veterinary oversight. A holistic approach to their well-being can lead to a more fulfilling and extended life for these affectionate dogs.

Proper nutrition is paramount. A diet tailored to their specific needs supports their energy levels and health. It’s important to choose high-quality foods that provide a balance of protein, fats, and carbohydrates, along with essential vitamins and minerals. Consultation with a vet can help determine the best diet plan.

Regular exercise keeps Bichon Frises physically fit and mentally sharp. Activities should be appropriate for their size and energy level. Exercise also reinforces positive behaviors and helps prevent boredom and anxiety.

Mental stimulation is just as important as physical activity. Engaging toys, training sessions, and interactive playtime can keep their minds active. This can prevent behavioral issues and promote a well-rounded temperament.

Routine veterinary care ensures they stay up-to-date with vaccinations and health screenings. It also allows for early detection and treatment of any emerging health issues. Dental care, grooming, and parasite prevention are also key components of a comprehensive health care regimen.

Owners should strive to create a safe and loving environment for their Bichon Frise. A supportive home can significantly reduce stress and anxiety, which contributes to overall health. Regular social interaction and affection make Bichon Frises feel valued and secure.

By incorporating these elements into their care routine, owners can greatly enhance the quality and longevity of their Bichon Frise’s life. The goal is to provide a nurturing environment that meets all of their physical, emotional, and social needs.

A Bichon Frise enjoying interactive playtime, showcasing the joy and engagement of mental stimulation.

A happy, healthy Bichon Frise is a result of attentive and loving care. Each aspect of their well-being is a step towards a more vibrant and enriching life together with their human companions.


In exploring the question “What Do Bichon Frise Usually Die From?”, we’ve delved into the common health concerns that may affect this beloved breed. Understanding “What Do Bichon Frise Usually Die From?” is more than just a query; it’s a guide to proactive pet health management. By being aware of the various health issues, such as cancer, kidney, and heart disease, owners can take actionable steps to prevent and treat these conditions.

Recap of Key Points

The journey through this discussion has highlighted that the answer to “What Do Bichon Frise Usually Die From?” involves a spectrum of health issues. From the genetic predispositions to the impact of environmental factors, we’ve outlined how each aspect plays a role in the life expectancy of a Bichon Frise. Regular veterinary check-ups, a balanced diet, adequate exercise, and mental stimulation all contribute to mitigating health risks.

Encouragement for Proactive Pet Health Management

The knowledge of “What Do Bichon Frise Usually Die From?” should empower owners to be vigilant and proactive in the care of their pets. It’s an encouragement to prioritize regular health screenings, maintain a lifestyle that promotes well-being, and seek early treatment when health issues are detected. The love and commitment of a Bichon Frise owner can significantly influence the course of their pet’s life.

In conclusion, the question “What Do Bichon Frise Usually Die From?” serves as a reminder of the responsibility that comes with pet ownership. It underscores the importance of education and awareness in providing the best possible life for our Bichon Frises. With the right care and attention, we can address these health concerns and enjoy the bright, cheerful companionship of our Bichon Frises for as long as possible.


What do Bichon Frise usually die from?

Bichon Frises, like many other breeds, can be prone to certain health conditions. Commonly, these include issues like cancer, kidney disease, and heart problems. With proper care and regular veterinary check-ups, many of these conditions can be managed, potentially leading to a longer and healthier life.

How can health issues be prevented in Bichon Frises?

Preventative measures such as maintaining a healthy diet, ensuring regular exercise, and keeping up with dental care are essential. Regular vet visits for check-ups and early detection of diseases are also critical in preventing serious health issues.

At what age do Bichon Frises start showing signs of aging?

Bichon Frises typically begin to show signs of aging around 7 to 10 years old. Signs of aging can include slowing down, graying fur, and less agility. Keeping an eye on their health as they age is important to manage any emerging health issues.

Can a Bichon Frise have a long lifespan even with health issues?

Yes, a Bichon Frise can enjoy a long life even with health issues, provided they receive timely and effective care. Understanding the risks and early symptoms of common ailments can help owners seek early treatment.

What are early signs of cancer in Bichon Frises?

Early signs of cancer in Bichon Frises may include noticeable lumps on the body, sudden changes in weight, a decrease in appetite, or a lack of energy. It’s important to consult a veterinarian if any of these signs are observed.

Is kidney disease in Bichon Frises manageable?

Kidney disease, when diagnosed early, can often be managed with dietary changes, medication, and regular veterinary oversight. This management can help maintain quality of life for the dog.

What diet is best to prevent health issues in Bichon Frises?

A diet rich in nutrients and appropriate for the dog’s age, size, and activity level is best. It’s advisable to discuss your Bichon Frise’s diet with a veterinarian to ensure all their dietary needs are met.

Through proactive monitoring and care, the risks associated with “What Do Bichon Frise Usually Die From?” can be mitigated, allowing these dogs to lead full and comfortable lives.

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